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  • [Archive]
  • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
  • pISSN : 2093-6966
  • eISSN : 2234-6856
  • DB Construction : 59 Issues, 667 Articles
Year
Issues
Articles
1 Title
Keywords oligonucleotide microarray; CPC-HAS; gene expression; HepG2
Author(s) Ryu, Sung-Hyun; Lee, Kyung-Min; Lee, Bong-Hyo; Lim, Seong-Chul; Jung, Tae-Young; Seo, Jung-Chul
  Abstract Objective : It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CPC-HAS on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CPC-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CPC-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as HepG2 hepatoma cells. Oligonucleotide microarray and proteomics approaches were employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : CPC-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CPC-HAS (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5mg/ml of CPC-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip(Human genome Ul33 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). For proteomic analysis, total protein was analyzed by 2D gel electrophoresis and Q-TOF mass spectrometer. Results : It has no cytotoxic effects on both HepG2 cell in all concentrations(0.l, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, the number of more than twofold differentially regulated known genes was 23 with 5 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated genes in HepG2 cells. In proteomic analysis, three spots were identified by 2D-gel electrophoresis and Q-TOF analysis. Two down-regulated proteins were aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 and enolase 1, and up-regulated protein was fatty acid binding protein 1 by 1.5mg/ml of CPC-HAS. Discussion : This study showed the screening of CPC-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray and proteomic analysis. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding of the therapeutic effects of CPC-HAS on cancer fields.
2 Title
Keywords cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture; 2-Dimensional electrophoresis; intravenous injection; proteomics; biomarker
Author(s) Lee, Dong-Hee; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : To observe the changes in the serum proteins after intravenous injection of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture. Methods : Blood was collected before and after the administration of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture and only the serum was taken. Then differences in the spots on the scanned image after carrying out 2-Dimensional electrophoresis were located and conducted mass analysis and protein identification. Results : Following results were obtained from the comparative analysis of serum proteins before and after the administration of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture. 1. 28 spots were identified before and after the administration. 2. In confirming manifestation degree, spots with more than two-times increase were 204, 1302, 2205, 3105, 7104, 8006, spots with more than one-time increase were 1101, 1505, 2013, 2403, 3009, 3010, 4002, 4009, 6704, 8101, and spots with decrease were 205, 801, 803, 3205, 5202, 6105, 6106, 7103, 9001, 9003. 3. After conducting protein identification, proteins 205, 804, 1302, 4009, 6105, 6106 are unidentified yet, and 1l01 is unnamed protein. Protein 204 is identified as complement receptor CR2-C3d, 801 as YAPl protein, 803 as antitrypsin polymer, 1505 as PRO0684, 2013 and 3010 as proapolipoprotein, 2205 as USP48, 2403 as vitamin D binding protein, 3009 as complement component 4A preprotein, 3105 as immunoglobulin lambda chain, 3205 as transthyretin, 4002 as Ras-related protein Ral-A, 4204 as beta actin, 5202 and 7104 as apolipoprotein Ll, 6704 as alpha 2 macroglobulin precursor, 7103 as complement component 3 precursor, 8006 as testis-specific protein Y, 8101 as transferrin, 9001 as (Alpha-Oxy, Beta-(Cl12g)deoxy) T-State Human Hemoglobin, and 9003 as human hemoglobin. 4. Immune protein CR2-C3d(204), which acts against microbes and pathogenic organisms, was increased by more than two-times after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 5. Antitrypsin(803), which is secreted with inflammatory response in the lungs, was reduced after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 6. Proapolipoprotein(2013, 3010) and apolipoprotein(7104), key components of the HDL-cholesterol which plays an important role in preventing arteriosclerosis, were increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 7. Vitamin D binding protein(DBP, 2403), protecting the lung at the time of inflammatory response, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 8. Transthyretin(TTR, 3205), which is the main protein causing familial amyloid polyneuropathy(FAP), was decreased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 9. Ras-related protein Ral-A(4002) that controls phospholipid metabolism, cytoskeletal formation, and membrane traffic, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 10. Testis-specific protein Y(8006), which takes part in determination of the gender, was increased by more than two-times after the administration of pharmacopuncture. 11. Transferrin(8101), which balances the iron level in the body, was increased after the administration of pharmacopuncture. Conclusion : Above results support the notion that intravenous injection of cultivated wild ginseng pharmacopuncture induce changes in serum proteins and this research can be a pioneer work in finding biomarkers.
3 Title
Keywords oligonucleotide microarray; CRR-HAS; gene expression; SNU484
Author(s) Won, Eun-Ju; Lee, Kyung-Min; Lee, Bong-Hyo; Lim, Seong-Chul; Jung, Tae-Young; Seo, Jung-Chul
  Abstract Objective : It has long been known about the anticancer effect of GRR-HAS, however, it has not been systemically determined the differentially regulated genes by GRR-HAS in cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the GRR-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as SNU484 gastric cancer cell lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approache was employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : GRR-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of GRR-HAS(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5mg/ml of GRR-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip (Human genome Ul33 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). Results : It has no cytotoxic effects on both HepG2 and SNU484 cells in all concentrations(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, in SNU484 cells, the number of more than twofold up-regulated genes was 346. The number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 9. Discussion : This study showed the comprehensive gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide microarray for the screening of GRR-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes. These results will provide a better application of GRR-HAS in cancer field and drug target development.
4 Title
Keywords Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch; nucleotide sequence; cytotoxicity; Hep G2; L929; peritoneal macrophages
Author(s) Kim, Sung-Nam; Lim, Jeong-A; Lee, Sung-Yong; Hwang, Woo-Jun; Lee, Geon-Mok; Cho, Nam-Geun; Seo, Jung-Chul; Moon, Hyung-Cheol; Kim, Sung-Chul
  Abstract Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate nucleotide sequence and extract cytotoxicity of Scolopendrae corpus. The nature and taste of Scolopendrae corpus is hot, Warm and toxic, and the effect of this is dispelling wind, anti-spasmodic action and detoxication so it has been used for C.V.A, facial palsy, sensory disorder at extremities, wounds and arthritis. Methods : Scolopendrae corpus were collected by locality on the market. They were morphologically classified. Their nucleotide sequence was investigated and compared among them. In addition, the water-alcohol extract cytotoxicity of them was studied by MTT-based cytotoxicity assay. Results : It was shown that the each Scolopendrae corpus by locality is almost identical at genetic result and is identified as Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch. Nucleotide sequence of Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch in this study will help to discriminate other species of Scolopendrae corpus. The water-alcohol extract of Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch did not induce cytotoxicity on Hep G2, L929 cell and peritoneal macrophages. Besides, it did not influence nitrite production of peritoneal macrophages. These results can be used as basic data for genetic discrimination with another species of scolopendrae corpus.
5 Title
Keywords Herniation of intervertebral disc(HIVD); bee venom; Visual analog scale(VAS)
Author(s) Cha, Jung-Ho; Chang, So-Young; Lee, Tae-Ho; Owi, Jong-Song; Lee, Eun-Yong
  Abstract Objective : Herniation of Intervertebral Disc(HIVD) is the most common disease causing low back pain. Acupuncture and Bee Venom Acupuncture has been us ε d for treatment of HIVD. This study is to investigate the effective of Bee Venom Acupuncture for HIVD. Methods : We researched 18 patients who were diagnosed by CT and MRI as having HIVD, and treated them Acupuncture only or Acupuncture and Bee Venom Acupuncture. We compared the VAS and ROM angle of two groups. Results & Conclusions : 1. In admission date, no significant improvement between Acupuncture group and Bee Venom Acupuncture group 2. In variation of flexion and extension, Bee Venom Acupuncture group shows statistically significant improvement 3. In VAS, Bee Venom Acupuncture group shows statistically significant improvement for 1 week and discharge day
6 Title
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis; keratitis; Soyum Herbal-acupuncture; MIC; Inhibition zone
Author(s) Seo, Hyung-Sik
  Abstract Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Soyum Herbal-acupuncture on Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis that induce keratitis. Methods : MIC was measured by dropping to according to density Soyum Herbal-acupuncture(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%). Antibacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on Staphylococcus aureus in Soyum Herbal-acupuncture disappear all sample. 2. MIC on Staphylococcus epidermidis in Soyum Herbal-acupuncture disappear all sample. Conclusions : The present author think that Soyum Herbal-acupuncture must be extract a new method for anti-bacterial potency.
7 Title
Keywords Sweet Bee Venom; melittin; bee venom; allergy
Author(s) Choi, Suk-Ho; Cha, Bae-Chun; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : The aim of this study was to observe prevention of allergic reactions of Sweet Bee Venom (removing enzyme components from Bee Venom). Methods: Content analysis of Sweet Bee Venom and Bee Venom was rendered using HPLC method and characterization of Anti-Sweet Bee Venom in Rabbit Serum. Clinical observation was conducted for inducement of allergic responses to Sweet BV. Results : 1. Analyzing melittin content using HPLC, Sweet BV contained 34.9% more melittin than Bee venom pharmacopuncture at same concentration. 2. Observing chromatogram of HPLC, removal of the enzyme was successfully rendered on Sweet BV. 3. The anti-serum of Sweet BV showed high titers against melittin and bee venom and relatively low titer against phospholipase A2. 4. After conducting approximately 3,000 cases of Sweet BV administration, not a single case of generalized anaphylatic reaction occurred in clinical observation. 5. Mild compared to the bee venom pharmacopuncture, Sweet BV showed some acute hypersensitive reactions of edema, itchiness, and aching locally. 6. Sweet BV was administered on six patients with previous history of suffering from generalized acute hypersensitive reactions with the bee venom. None of the patients showed allergic reactions with Sweet BV, suggesting it can effectively prevent anaphylatic shock which may occur after the bee venom pharmacopuncture procedure. Conclusion : Summarizing above results, Sweet Bee Venom appears to be an effective measurement against allergic reactions from the bee venom pharmacopuncture especially against anaphylatic shock.
8 Title
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus; keratitis; Soyum Herbal-acupuncture; Hwangryunhaedoktang; Goptidis rhizoma; MIC; Inhibition zone
Author(s) Seo, Hyung-Sik
  Abstract Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Soyum Herbal-acupuncture, Hwangryunhaedoktang & Coptidis rhizoma on Staphylococcus aureus that induce keratitis. Methods : MIC was measured by dropping to according to density Soyum Herbal-acupuncture, Hwangryunhaedoktang & Coptidis rhizoma(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on Staphylococcus aureus in Soyum Herbal-acupuncture disappear all sample. 2. MIC on Staphylococcus aureus in Hwangryunhaedoktang disappear all sample. 3. MIC on Staphylococcus aureus in Coptidis rhizoma was 100%, and anti-bacterial potency increase compare with quantity. Conclusions : The present author think that Soyum Herbal-acupuncture must be extracted a new method for anti-bacterial potency and Coptidis rhizoma was made Herbal-acupuncture for eye drops.
9 Title
Keywords External Epicondylitis; Bee Venom Acupuncure therapy; Visual analog scale(VAS)
Author(s) Kim, Kyung-Tae; Song, Ho-Sueb
  Abstract Objective : This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Bee Venom acupuncture therapy on external epicondylitis. Methods : We divided chronic arthritis of ankle patient into 2 groups; one group combined bee venom acupuncture therapy and acupuncture therapy, another group was only acupuncture therapy. To estimate the effectiveness of treatment that applied for two groups, we used visual analog scale(VAS). We compared the VAS score of two groups statistically. Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using visual analog scale(VAS), treatment score at final was marked more higher than score before treatment on each groups. 2. treatment at final, acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture therapy group had significant result on visual analog scale(VAS) compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusion : Bee Venom acupuncture therapy can be used with acupuncture therapy for highly effective treatment for external epicondylitis.
10 Title
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis; keratitis; Hwangryunhaedoktang Herb-acupuncture; Hwangryunhaedoktang extract; MIC; Inhibition zone
Author(s) Seo, Hyung-Sik
  Abstract Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal-acupuncture & extract on Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis that induce keratitis. Methods : MIC was measured by dropping to according to density Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal-acupuncture & extract(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone With change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on Staphylococcus aureus in Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal-acupuncture & extract were not disappear all sample. 2. MIC on Staphylococcus epidermidis in Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal-acupuncture & extract were not disappear all sample. Conclusions : The present author think that Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal-acupuncture must be extract a new method for anti-bacterial potency.
11 Title
Keywords Gel filtration chromatography; polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; melittin; bee venom
Author(s) Choi, Young-Chon; Choi, Suk-Ho; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : This study was conducted to carry out Purification of Melittin and other peptide components from Bee Venom using gel filtration chromatography and propionic acid/urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Methods : Melittin and other peptide components were separated from bee venom by using gel filtration chromatography on Sephadex G-50 column in 0.05M ammonium acetate buffer. Results : Melittin and other peptide components were separated from bee venom by using gel filtration chromatography on Sephadex G-50 column in 0.05M ammonium acetate buffer. The fractions obtained from gel filtration chromatography was analyzed by using SDS-PAGE and propionic acid/urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The melittin obtained from the gel filtration contained residual amount of phospholipase and a protein with molecular weight of 6,000. The contaminating proteins were removed by the second gel filtration chromatography. Conclusion : Gel filtration chromatography and propionic acid/urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis are useful to separate peptide components including melittin from bee venom.
12 Title
Keywords Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch; Neuropathic pain; Analgesia; Scolopendrid herbal acupucture; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Author(s) Kim, Sung-Chul
  Abstract Objectives : We review a result of studies until the present and suggest the method of medical treatment for the clinical treatment of Scolopendrid Herbalacupuncture. Methods : We analysis the paper of the bibliographic studies, the experiment studies and the clinical studies from 2001 developed Scolopendrid Herbalacupuncture and grope for the course of studies. Results : 1. Scolopendrid Herbalacupuncture is proved the clinical safety by the aninmal and human tests. 2. The pharmacological action of Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. Koch is anti-convulsive action, analgesic action, lowering blood pressure, anti-inflammatory action, anti-tumor action and microbe inhibition 3. Scolopendrid Herbalacupuncture has been a fine effect to the entrapment neuropathy and inflammatory. 4. Scolopendrid Herbalacupuncture was thought effective on a acute phase and to the excessive symptoms. The Sub-chronic toxicity experiment observing the response after hypodermic medication over 90 days, The Genetic-mutagenic toxity experiment and the clinical effect studies are necessary.
13 Title
Keywords Clinical Study; Traffic Accident; acupuncture; Herb-acupuncture; Taping therapy
Author(s) No, Bu-Rae; Lee, Eun-Yong
  Abstract Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical progress of patients diagnosed as sequela of traffic accident. Methods : We studied 34 cases who were admitted in Semyung University Oriental Hospital from 1st, January, 2005 to the 31st, December, 2005. And we came to some conclusion about clinical tendencies as follows. Results and Conclusions : 1. Women had occupied more than men, and 14 persons in 20th were the most distribution of age. 2. In distribution of onset, less than 7 days was the most(58.8 %), followed by less then 28 days(20.6 %). 3. Most patients used western medical hospital(47.1 %) and oriental medical hospital(44.1 %) as primary hospital. 4. In chief complaint, cervical pain was most(32 cases, 94.1%), the others were low back pain(22 cases, 64.7 %), back pain(5 cases, 14.7 %), chest pain(5 cases, 14.7 %). 5. In treatment methods, acupuncture and physical therapy was most(33 cases, 97.1%), the others were Extract-med.(31 cases, 94.0%), electric-acupuncture(27 cases, 79.4%), Herb-med.(23 cases, 67.6%), Herb-acupuncture(l8 cases, 52.9%) and Taping therapy(15 cases, 44.1%). 6. In hospital days, days was most(l5 cases, 44.1%), the other were 15-21days(l2 cases, 35.3%). over the 29 days(4 cases, 11.8%) and 22-28 days(3 cases, 8.8%). 7. 34 patients were examined, and all cases were 'improved'. And statistically significance compared after-treatment with before-treatment group(p<0.005).
14 Title
Keywords Ankylosing spondylitis; VAS; ROM
Author(s) Lee, Jae-Min; Hong, Kwon-Eui
  Abstract Object : This study is designed in order to evaluate oriental medical treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Methods : The authors observed patient by ROM & VAS for operated acupuncture treatment, herbal medicine treatment and physiotherapy Conclusion : 1. Ankylosing spondylitis patient of this case is caused by taiyang channel warm-heat evi. 2. Ankylosing spondylitis patient by taiyang channel warm-heat evi is evaluated by acupuncture treatment. ; SP3, S36, LIll, LI4, S40. 3. Ankylosing spondylitis patient by taiyang channel warm-heat evi is evaluated by Hervbal medication. ; Gamikangwhalsungsub-Tang.
15 Title
Keywords Intravascular Laser Irradiation Therapy(ILIT); Extravascular Laser Irradiation Therapy(ELIT); Hypercholesterolemia
Author(s) Kwon, Mi-Jung; Kim, Min-Kyu; Heo, Sung-Woong; Youn, Hyoun-Min; Kim, Won-Il; Kwon, Jung-Nam; Kim, Young-Kyun
  Abstract Objective : The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the effect of ILIT and ELIT according to sex, age, disease on Hypercholesterolemia. Methods : The 73 patients who were irradiated to the Intravascular Laser and the 57 patients who were irradiated to the Extravascular Laser from 1999 to 2005 in Sam-se oriental medicine hospital were the study group. They were irradiated two or three times a week and checked total cholesterol before and after ten times of irradiation. The checked total cholesterol point, 150-199 were normal, 200-239 were borderline, over 240 were abnormal. They were classified into male and female(43 persons, 87 persons), adult and 01d(62 persons, 68 persons), cardiovascular disease and the other diseases(70 persons, 60 persons). Results : 1. Male, adult, and the other diseases groups were more effective in cholesterol reduction and in convertible change of each group than female, old, and cardiovascular disease groups, but only the convertible change of each group had statistic significance. 2. In male, old, and cardiovascular disease, ELIT was more effective than ILIT in cholesterol reduction and convertible change of each group, but this result didn't have statistic significance. 3. In female, ELIT was more effective than ILIT in cholesterol change but this result didn't have statistic significance. ILIT was more effective than ELIT in convertible change of each group and this result had statistic significance. 4. In adult and the other diseases, ILIT was more effective in cholesterol reduction, but this result didn't have statistic significance. ILIT was more effective than ELIT in convertible change of each group too and this result had statistic significance. Conclusion: It was thought to be undesirable to decide which is more effective treatment, but to be more desirable to choose one of ILIT or ELIT according to sex, age, disease than to decide it indiscriminately.
16 Title
Keywords dietary therapy; diarrhea
Author(s) Baek, Tae-Hyeun
  Abstract Objectives : This research examined about dietary therapy on the diarrhea based on the literary findings, for clinical treatment and prevention of the diarrhea. Methods : This Research examined on histories, compositions, applications, and effects of the diarrhea on about 100 cases of dietary therapy of the diarrhea from recent Chinese literatures Results : 1. Various vegetables, animals and mineral materials including herbs, grains, vegetables, fruits, food and drink were used for the dietary therapy. 2. Methods of the preparation for use as therapeutics were decoction, pulvis, gruel, medicinal wine, cake, tea, paste and gelatin and etc. 3. Frequently used materials were sesame oil, honey, ear mushroom, shiitake mushroom, kelp, walnut seed, hemp seed, groundnut, glutinous rice, apricot stone, yellow bean peel, radish, potato, spinage, and spring onion. Conclusion : Though dietary therapy for the diarrhea is not based on clinical or experimental data, but through experience. It is mostly based on Yin-Yang and five elements, visceral manifestation, channels and their collateral channels and chinese herbal medicine theories. If we use them properly according to oriental medicine method, it will be effective on treating and preventing the diarrhea.
17 Title
Keywords Sprain of the wrist; Bee venom-Acupuncture
Author(s) An, Byeong-Jun; Song, Ho-Sueb
  Abstract Objective : This study was to evaluate the effect of Bee venom-Acupuncture therapy on patients with sprain of the wrist. Methods : We investigated 31 cases of patients with sprain of the wrist. We flip a coin and divide patients into two groups. Bee venom-Acupuncture was performed at on group, and the other group we didn't do it. We evaluated the treatment effect of each group by using the visual analog scale(VAS). Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using the VAS, the score after treatment was marked lower than that before treatment within each group. 2. After treatment, Bee venom-Acupuncture therapy group showed significant difference on visual analog scale(VAS) compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusion : These results suggested that Bee venom-Acupuncture treatment should be more effective in the patient with sprain of the Wrist joint.