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  • [Archive]
  • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
  • pISSN : 2093-6966
  • eISSN : 2234-6856
  • DB Construction : 59 Issues, 667 Articles
Year
Issues
Articles
1 Title
Keywords Apoptosis; anti-cancer effect; wild ginseng; cultivated wild ginseng
Author(s) Ahn, Young-Min; Park, Hee-Soo; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : The aim of this study was to verify anti-cancer and anti-oxidant efficacies of Korean wild ginseng and cultivated wild ginseng of Korea and China. Methods : For the measurement of anti-oxidation, SOD-like activity was evaluated using xanthine oxidase reduction method under in vitro environment. Subcutaneous and abdominal cancer were induced using CT-26 human colon cancer cells for the measurement of growth inhibition of cancer cells and differences in survival rate. Results : 1. Measurement of anti-oxidant activity of ginseng, Chinese and Korean cultivated wild ginseng, and natural wild ginseng samples showed concentration dependent anti-oxidant activity in HX/XOD system. Anti-oxidant activity showed drastic increase at 1mg/ml in all samples. 2. For the evaluation of growth inhibition of cancer cells after hypodermic implantation of CT-26 cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity of mice, Chinese and Korean cultivated wild ginseng and natural wild ginseng groups showed significant inhibition of tumor growth from the 12th day compared to the control group. Similar inhibitory effects were also shown on the 15th and 18th days. But there was no significant difference between the experiment groups. 3. For the observation of increase in survival rate of the natural wild ginseng group, CT-26 cancer cells were implanted in the peritoneal cavity of mice.
2 Title
Keywords Pseudomonas aeruginosa; keratitis; Coptidis rhizoma; MIC; Inhibition zone
Author(s) Seo, Hyeong-Sik
  Abstract Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Coptidis rhizoma extract compared with quantity on Pseudomonas aeruginosa that induce keratitis. Methods : MIC was measured by dropping to 50 according to density Coptidis rhizoma extract(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) compared with quantity(40g, 80g, 120g, 160g). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : MIC on Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Coptidis rhizoma extract compared with quantity(40g, 80g, 120g, 160g) was not showed all samples(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%). Conclusions : Coptidis rhizoma extract compared with quantity was not showed anti-bacterial potency on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results differ that Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed anti-bacterial potency in 1999 year. Anti-bacterial Potency of Coptidis rhizoma extract compared with quantity on Pseudomonas aeruginosa must be studied.
3 Title
Keywords Paljeongsan-gamibang; Glycerol; Rats; Kidney
Author(s) Yun, Wang-Su; Soh, Kyung-Son; Jeong, Chan-Gi
  Abstract Objective : We performed this study in order to investigate the effects of Paljeongsan-gamibang(八正散加味方) on the renal failure. Methods : We injected 8ml/kg of 50% glycerol on the rats. And then administered Paljeongsan-gamibang extract ; 209mg/200g/day to sample group during 3 days and observed the body temperature, urine volume, stool volume and the levels of creatinine, glucose, inorganic phosphorus, Na+, K+, Cl-, threonine, tyrosine in blood and creatinine, glucose, threonine, tyrosine in urine. Results : 1, The sample group administered Paljeongsan-gamibang showed a suppressive effect of body temperature, an improving effect in capability of concentrating urine at convoluted tubule and showed an increasing effect of stool volume. 2. The sample group administered Paljeongsan-gamibang showed a lowering effect in creatinine level in blood and showed an increasing effect in the levels of inorganic phosphorus, Na+, K+, Cl-, threonine and tyrosine in blood. 3. The sample group administered Paljeongsan-gamibang showed an increasing effect in creatinine level in urine and showed a lowering effect in the levels of glucose, inorganic phosphorus, threonine and tyrosine in urine. Conclusions : Conclusively, Paljeongsan-gamibang was recognized to have a curative effect against the damage of rat kidney induced by 50% glycerol, especially to improve the capability of reabsorption in proximal convoluted tubule.
4 Title
Keywords cultivated wild ginseng; wild ginseng; HPLC
Author(s) Han, Young-Ju; Kwon, Ki-Rok; Cha, Bae-Chun; Kwon, Oh-Man
  Abstract Objectives : The aim of this experiments is to provide an objective differentiation of ginseng, Korean and Chinese cultivated wild ginseng, and natural wild ginseng through components analysis of different parts of ginseng. Methods : Comparative analyses of ginsenoside-, ginsenoside-, and ginsenosides and from the root, stem, and leaves of ginseng, Korean and Chinese cultivated wild ginseng, and natural wild ginseng were conducted using HPLC. Results : 1. For content comparison of leaves, ginseng showed highest content of ginsenoside than other samples. Natural wild ginseng showed relatively high content of ginsenosides and than other samples. 2. For content comparison of the stem, ginseng and 10 years old Chinese cultivated wild ginseng didn't contain ginsenoside . Natural wild ginseng showed higher content of ginsenosides and than other samples. 3. For content comparison of the root, ginsenoside was found only in 5 and 10 years old Korean cultivated wild ginseng. 4. Distribution of contents by the parts of ginseng was similar in ginseng and Chinese cultivated wild ginseng. Conclusions : Above experiment data can be an important indicator for the identification of ginseng, Korean and Chinese cultivated wild ginseng, and natural wild ginseng.
5 Title
Keywords Homeopathy; Lebens Kraft; Potenzierung; HAB(homeopathische Arznei Buch)
Author(s) Choi, Ok-Byung
  Abstract Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze the practical implications of homeopathic medicines, their status, their preparation systems and registration rules, recognized by the European Union and other countries. Contents : This paper covers the background of homeopathic medical principle, homeopathy throughout the world, the medicine status and clinical research, increases of the drug potency, the practical regulation of treatment, preparation techniques of homeopathic drugs and registration rules and the clinical practice. Homeopathy has been currently practised in over eighty countries throughout the world, especially in Europe. It had attracted considerable attentions in South and North America (notably in USA, Brazil, and Argentina), India and Pakistan. Although it is not dominantly popular in North America, constant growth has been nevertheless noted. Over the last thirty years, homeopathy has also developed or appeared in South Africa, Tunisia, Morocco, Venezuela, Israel, and Australia, etc. Result & suggestion : As over 300 million patients have put their trust in homeopathy, the study of the integration of homeopathy to oriental medicine, its development and feasibility in Korea are urgently needed. The products, substances, compositions of Homeopathic drugs are very similar to those of oriental medicine theory. Therefore their preparations and applications should prescribed and practised exclusively by oriental doctors. Applying the homeopathic theory and its preparation techniques to oriental medicine, the herbal acupuncture preparation should be modernized and various oriental products are to be developed. To this end, government and herbal acupuncture society need to interact each other for the development of oriental medicine.
6 Title
Keywords Heavy metal; cultivated wild ginseng; As; Pb; Cd; Hg; Cu; Se
Author(s) Kim, Jong-Yoon; Kim, Byung-Woo; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : Heavy metal contents in cultivated wild ginseng from Korea and China were evaluated for the safety purpose. Methods : Arsenic(As), cadmium(Cd), lead(Pb), mercury(Hg), copper(Cu), chromium(Cr), and selenium(Se) from the root, stem, and leaves of the Korean cultivated wild ginseng and the root of the Chinese cultivated wild ginseng were analyzed for the existence of heavy metal contents. Results : Most of heavy metals weren't detected in all the samples. Copper and lead were found in very minute volume and didn't reach the toxic concentration level of 10mg/kg. Samples used in the test were grown in non-contaminated areas, free from heavy metal contamination. Conclusions : Based on above results, cultivated wild ginseng from Korea and China are relatively safe from the heavy metal exposure. But for more rigorous quality control, an epidemiological survey using the samples from more diverse areas should be conducted.
7 Title
Keywords Staphylococcus epidermidis; keratitis; Coptidis rhizoma extract; MIC; Inhibition zone
Author(s) Seo, Hyeong-Sik
  Abstract Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Coptidis rhizoma extract compared with quantity on Staphylococcus epidermidis that induce keratitis. Methods : MIC was measured by dropping to 50 according to density Coptidis rhizoma extract(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) compared with quantity(40g, 80g, 160g). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on Staphylococcus epidermidis in Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed anti-bacterial potency compared with quantity and density in 100% and 10% of all samples(40g, 80g, 160g). 2. MIC on Staphylococcus epidermidis in Coptidis rhizoma extract(40g, 80g, 160g) was showed anti-bacterial potency compared with quantity all samples(, , , ) in 100% density, but anti-bacterial potency of 80g, Coptidis rhizoma extract decreased compared with 40g, . 3. MIC on Staphylococcus epidermidis in 40g Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed in , of 10% density, 80g Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed in of 10% density, 160g Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed in , , of 10% density. Conclusions : Coptidis rhizoma extract was showed anti-bacterial potency compare with quantity and density. In herbal drug, anti-bacterial potency compare with quantity and density must be studied.
8 Title
Keywords antitumor effect; Cultivated Wild Ginseng; doxorubicin; testicular toxicity
Author(s) Min, Byung-Il; Kim, Ho-Hyun; Seo, Il-Bok; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : This research was executed to verify antitumor effect and protective effect on doxorubicin(Doxo)-induced toxicity of Cultivated Wild Ginseng(CWG) and synergic effect of CWG with Doxo in B16/F10 melanomas-bearing C57BL/6 mice. Methods : To evaluate protective effect on doxorubicin(Doxo)-induced toxicity and enhancing effect on the antitumor activity of Doxo, CWG water extract(0.5 ml) was intraperitoneally injected for 10 days, in combination with intraperitoneal injection of Doxo(4 mg/kg) on days 12, 16, 19, to mice subcutaneously inoculated with B16/F10 melanoma cells. In order to investigate antitumor effect of CWG, CWG water extract(0.5 ml) was intraperitoneally injected for 10 days to mice subcutaneously inoculated with B16/F10 melanoma cells. Results : The body weights of melanoma-bearing mice increased following B16/F10 cells inoculation. In contrast, such an increase in body weights was significantly attenuated by Doxo administration. Whereas CWG inhibits the decrease in body weights induced by Doxo. The tumor volume and tumor weights of melanomas-bearing mice dramatically increased following B16/F10 cells inoculation, In contrast, such an increase in tumor volume and tumor weights were significantly attenuated by Doxo or CWG administration. But the synergic effect of CWG with Doxo was not observed. The reduction of cellularity of seminiferous epithelia, level of spermatogonium and spermatid induced by Doxo was recovered by CWG administration. BrdU labeling index of spermatogonium was remarkably decreased in Doxo group but was no change in CWG group. Whereas the incidence and intensity of BrdU labelled spermatocytes and spermatids were increased by CWG administration than those of Doxo group. Conclusions : The obtained results suggest that CWG have antitumor effect and protective effect on doxo-induced testicular toxicity. This effect might be mediated through the supplementation of vital energy.
9 Title
Keywords Cultivated Ginseng; Cultivated Wild Ginseng; hepatotoxicity
Author(s) Kim, Young-Jin; Park, Hee-Soo; Kwon, Ki-Rok; Kim, Ho-Hyun
  Abstract Objectives : This study was aimed at investigating liver protection mechanism of Cultivated Ginseng and Cultivated Wild Ginseng of Korean and Chinese by inducing liver toxicity through and t-BHP in mice and evaluated serological findings. Methods : Experiment groups was categorized into untreated normal group, treated control group, and orally administered Cultivated Ginseng and Cultivated Wild Ginseng of Korean and Chinese experimental groups. At the termination of experiment, gross examination of the liver as well as Total bilirubin, AST, and ALT contents in the serum were evaluated. Results : 1. In the induced acute hepatotoxicity test, total bilirubin, AST and ALT didn't show significant differences between the control and experimental groups. 2. In the t-BHP induced acute hepatotoxicity test, total bilirubin, AST and ALT didn't show significant differences between the control and experimental groups. Conclusion : Taken together, Cultivated Ginseng and Cultivated Wild Ginseng of Korean and Chinese cannot be effectively used for recovering the liver functions in acute hepatotoxicity tests using and t-BHP. Further researches, for example treated long period, must be tried to verify the efficacies.
10 Title
Keywords Pinus densiflora; hyperlipidemia; obesity; hyperlipidemia and lipid in rats
Author(s) Kim, Dae-Hyun; Soh, Kyung-Sun
  Abstract In order to study the effects of Pinus densiflora on hyperlipidemia and lipid in rats, we divided the rats into groups(Normal group, Control group and Sample group) and perfomed the experimental research. Hyperlipidemia and lipid in rats were induced by high fat diets for 8weeks. The sample group was administerd the extract of Pinus densiflora for 14 days and control group was administerd equal dose of oral. And then we measured the amount of serum triglyceride, Total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, Free Fatty Acid, phospholipid, Insuline, Laptin, Body weight, epididymis fat weight & rate, epididymis fat cell, Cardiac Risk Factor(CRF). The results were as followers : 1. Sample Group showed decreasing effects on Total cholesterol, Trigylceride, LDL-cholesterol, and Phospholipid levels in serum and CRF significantly. 2. Sample Group showed increasing effects on HDL-cholesterol level in serum significantly. 3. Sample Group showed decreasing effects on Insuline in serum significantly. 4. Sample Group showed increasing effects on Laptin in serum significantly. 5. Sample Group showed decreasing effects on Body weight, epididymis fat weight & rate, epididymis fat cell significantly. According to the above results, Pinus densiflora showed significant decreasing effects on hyperlipidemia and lipid in rats, it is considered that it is appropriate to apply for hyperlipidemia, obesity.
11 Title
Keywords Wild ginseng extract; t-BHP; HepG2 cell line; DNA chip
Author(s) Kim, Hyung-Seok; Park, Hee-Soo; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objectives : This study was carried out to examine protective effect of wild ginseng extract on HepG2 human hepatoma cell line against tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative damage. Methods : To evaluate protective effect of wild ginseng extract against t-BHP induced cytotoxicity, LDH level and activity of glutathione peroxidase and reductase were measured. Gene expression was also measured using DNA microarray. Results : Wild ginseng extract showed a significant protective effect against t-BHP-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cell line. It is not, however, related with the activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase. Analysis of gene expression using DNA chip, demonstrated that 28 genes were up-regulated in t-BHP only group. Five genes - selenoprotein P, glutathione peroxidase 3, sirtuin 2, peroxiredoxin 2, serfiredoxin 1 homolog - may be related with the protective effect of wild ginseng extract. Conclusions : Based on the results, a protective effect of wild ginseng extract against t-BHP-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cell line is not associated with the activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase, but with the expression of selenoprotein P, glutathione peroxidase 3, sirtuin 2, peroxiredoxin 2, and serfiredoxin 1 homolog.
12 Title
Keywords DSOM; Dysmenorrhea; Diagnosis
Author(s) Lee, In-Sun; Cho, Hye-Sook; Youn, hyoun-Min; Jung, Kyoung-Keun; Kim, Kyu-Kon; Park, Ji-Eun; Choi, Sum-Mi
  Abstract Purpose : This study was undertaken to make a diagnosis weakness and firmness (虛實) of Dysmenorrhea patients by diagnosis questionnaires system(Diagnosis System of Oriental Medicine-DSOM) Methods : The subjects were 58 volunteers who was suffering for dysmenorrhea, employed using Measure of Menstrual Pain (MMP) questionnaire. The had agreed to take part in this experiment, with didn't take any anodyne drugs. The MMP score by using 7 questions and the Menstrual Symptom Severity List(MSSL-D) was measured before and after menstruation cycle. Results and Conclusions : The findings of this study were as follows; 1. We examined Pathogenic Factor's frequency of DSOM, Coldness(寒) was 45 persons 80.36%, Damp(濕) was 40 persons 71.43%, Heart(心) was 37 persons 66.07%, Heat syndrom(熱) was 9 persons 16.07%, insufficiency of Yang(陽虛) was 6 persons 10.71%. 2. We divided Dysmenorrhea patients into two groups(weakness and firmness) by Results of DSOM, Firmness was 25 Persons 43.1%, Weakness was 23 persons 39.7%, Unknown was 10 persons 17.2%. 3. In estimation based on Measure of Menstrual Pain (MMP) questionnaire Severe menstrual pain is weakness, Mild menstrual pain is Firmness. 4. In estimation of coldness and heat syndrom, Coldness was 40 persons 69.0%, Heat syndrom, was 2 persons 3.5%, Possess both coldness and heat syndrom was 9 persons 15.5%.
13 Title
Keywords Tendonitis; Anti-inflammatory herbal acupuncture; Pain
Author(s) Kim, Sung-Lae; Hong, kwon-Eu
  Abstract Objective : The objective of this study is to observe the effect of anti-inflammatory herbal acupuncture on the metatarsal tendinitis. Methods : After the application of herbal acupuncture, the VAS and Baumgaertner's nine point scale were assessed. If there were any restraints on the ROM, ROM was also assessed alongside the previous scales. Results : 1. The pain was reduced significantly according to the VAS scale. 2. As to the assessment of satisfaction in treatment, by the Baumgaertner's nine point scale, 2 out of 3 cases scored Excellent, and one case scored Good. Conclusions : The anti-inflammatory herbal acupuncture is effective to the metatarsal tendinitis, and can be used more frequently in the clinical practices.
14 Title
Keywords Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture; Popliteus and Biceps Femoris
Author(s) Choi, Seok-Woo; Bae, Jin-Seung; Kim, Young-Joo
  Abstract Objectives : This study is to report the effect of Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture on two patients suffering from the pain of popliteal part. Methods : We treated the patients with the pain of popliteal part by acupuncture according to meridian(Taeyang and Soyang-Meridian), and we injected 0.10.2cc of Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture to his pain site. And then we evaluated their pain by VAS(Visual Analog Scale). Results : 1. A combined treatment-Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture and Acupucture- had a very excellent effect on relieving pain of popliteal part originated from trigger point and referred pain of Popliteus or Biceps Femoris. 2. It appears that Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture is very effective against trigger point of muscle and pain site fixed.