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  • [Archive]
  • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
  • pISSN : 2093-6966
  • eISSN : 2234-6856
  • DB Construction : 59 Issues, 667 Articles
Year
Issues
Articles
1 Title
Keywords Acupuncture meridian; Argyrophilic fiber; Bonghan duct; Fluorescence stereomicroscope; Intravascular; threadlike structure
Author(s) Lee, Byung-Cheon; Nam, Tae-Jeong; Johng, Hyeon-Min; Park, Eun-Sung; Baik, Ku-Youn; Sung, Baeck-Kyoung; Soh, Kyung-Soon; Yoon, Yeo-Sung; Soh, Kwang-Sup
  Abstract Objective: We took intravascular threadlike structures from rat aortas to investigate their histological characteristics consistent with the intravascular Bonghan duct. Methods: Gomori s silver impregnation method, in addition to routine hematoxylin and eosin staining, was applied to demonstrate the characteristic feature of the intravascular threadlike structures. Results: These two staining methods clearly showed that the intravascular threadlike structures had unique features of argyrophilic reticular fibers and heavily stained oval or rod-shaped nuclei in them. Conclusion: The results are strong evidences for identifying threadlike structure as the intravascular Bonghan duct.
2 Title
Keywords Sa-Ahm 5 Element acupuncture; 5 Shu points; Tonification and Sedation Treatment; Clinical Guidelines; Neurophysiological Mechanisms of Acupuncture
Author(s) Ahn, Chang-Beohm; Jang, Kyung-Jun; Yoon, Hyun-Min; Kim, Cheol-Hong; Min, Young-Kwang; Moon, Hyuck-Chol; Koo, Sung-Tae
  Abstract Objective: To review the theoretic basis of the Sa-Ahm 5 Element acupuncture devised about 360 years ago, papers and books were researched. Methods: Total of 59 books and papers ranging from ancient Huang Di nei jing to modern Bio Medical Acupuncture for Pain Management were researched to study the basic theory of it in relation to the 5 Shu points, Results: Gao-mu in Chinese Ming dynasty, for the 1st time, had used 5 Shu points based on creation cycle as tonification and sedation treatment respectively and named it as 'tonification and sedation treatment of self meridian' but since then, this method, without special reasons, has been rarely used until Sa-Ahm's new doctrine that include the concept of destruction cycle was asserted. Conclusions: Sa-Ahm 5 Element acupuncture is a method which uses 5 Shu points from the viewpoints of simultaneous tonification and sedation methods which are based on promotion and control cycles. Though it is nowadays mostly-used method in accordance with practitioner's points, it needs to be set guidelines by which to effectively practice Sa-Ahm acupuncture.
3 Title
Keywords a-Ahm 5 Element Acupuncture on the Basis of Symptoms; Meridian Therapy; Clinical Guidelines; Integrated Acupuncture Therapy; Acupuncture Research of Neurophysiological Model
Author(s) Ahn, Chang-Beohm; Min, Young-Kwang; Kim, Jeong-Eun; Moon, Hyuck-Chol; Song, Chun-Ho; Lee, Jang-Cheon; Shin, Sang-Woo
  Abstract bjective: To review the clinical basis of the Sa-Ahm 5 Element acupuncture originated about 360 years ago, papers and books were researched. Methods: Total of 58 books and papers ranging from ancient Huang Di nei jing to modern Bio Medical Acupuncture for Pain Management were investigated to study the clinical practice of it. Results: It could be practiced differently depending upon the viewpoints of diagnosis. They are ranging from theories of the greater-less of Yin and Yang, 7 emotions, organs- visceras, 8 diagnostic criteria, and pulse diagnosis to meridian circulation. Conclusions: It needs to be set clinical guidelines by which to practice Sa-Ahm acupuncture though it is nowadays mostly-used method in accordance with practitioner's viewpoints.
4 Title
Keywords
Author(s) Lee, Chea-Woo; Yoon, Hyun-Min; Kang, Kyung-Hwa
  Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum herba pharmacopuncture(GHP) on the adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Methods: 3T3- L1 preadipocytes were differentiated with adipogenic reagents by incubating for 2 days in the absence or presence of GHP ranging from 1 and 2%. The effect of GHP on cell proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was investigated using MTT assay. The effect of GHP on adipogenesis was examined by Oil red O staining and measuring glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) and intracellular triglyceride (TG) content. Results: Following results were obtained from the preadipocyte proliferation and adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1. We observed no effect of GHP on preadipocyte proliferation. GHP inhibited adipogenesis, the activity of GPDH and accumulation of intracellular TG content. Conclusions: These results suggest that GHP inhibit differentiation of preadipocyte.
5 Title
Keywords Journal of Pharmacopuncture / v.11, no.3, 2008 Year, pp.55-66
Author(s) Park, Chi-Young; Hong, Kwon-Eui
  Abstract Objective&Methods: The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of HK-1000 Herbal-acupuncture solution at GB34(Yangleungchean) on hyperlipidemia and arteriosclerosis in rats. The author performed several experimental items to analyze the levels of various components and enzymes in serum, urine and liver, as well as the histological change of liver and aorta. Results: 1. HK-1000 herbal-acupuncture infusion increased the cell viability rate, DPPH radical scavenging activity and HMG-CoA reductase inhibition rate in rat liver cells. 2. The levels of total cholesterol, free cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, phospholipid in serum and AI(atherogenic index) were decreased, and the ratio of HDL to TCL(HDL/TCL) and the level of TG in serum were increased as compared with those of the control group. 3. In the HK-1000 group, serum AST and ALT were significantly lower than those of the HG group and saline group. 4. Hepatic GSH and catalase activities were significantly increased as compared with those of the saline group. Conclusions: From the above results, it is suggested that HK-1000 herbal-acupuncture at GB34 has a therapeutic effect on hyperlipidemia and arteriosclerosis.
6 Title
Keywords antioxidant activity; cultivated wild ginseng; wild ginseng; TAC; ORAC; DPPH; Total phenolic content; TBARS
Author(s) Jang, Hae-Young; Park, Hee-Soo; Kwon, Ki-Rok; Rhim, Tae-Jin
  Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the antioxidant effects among wild ginseng, cultivated wild ginseng, and ginseng extracts. Methods: In vitro antioxidant activities were examined by total antioxidant capacity (TAC), oxygen radical scavenging capacity(ORAC), total phenolic content, 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, inhibition of induced lipid peroxidation using liver mitochondria, reactive oxygen species(ROS) scavenging effect using 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein(DCF) fluorescence. Results: 1. TAC of 1.5 and 3.75 mg extracts was highest in cultivated wild ginseng, followed by wild ginseng and lowest in ginseng. 2. ORAC of 2, 10, and extracts was highest in cultivated wild ginseng, followed by wild ginseng and lowest in ginseng. 3. Total phenolic content of 0.375, 0.938, and 1.875 mg extracts was highest in cultivated wild ginseng, followed by wild ginseng and lowest in ginseng. 4. DPPH(1, 1 -Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) scavenging activity between wild ginseng and cultivated wild ginseng did not differ significantly (p>0.05). 5. Induced lipid peroxidation, measured by TBARS concentration in solution containing rat liver mitochondria incubated in the presence of /ascorbic acid was inhibited as amounts of wild ginseng, cultivated wild ginseng, and ginseng extracts increased. TBARS concentration of ginseng extracts were significantly (p<0.05) higher than wild ginseng or cultivated wild ginseng extracts. 6. DCF fluorescence intensity was decreased as concentrations of wild ginseng, cultivated wild ginseng, and ginseng extracts increased, demonstrating that ROS generation was inhibited in a concentrationdependent manner. Conclusions: In summary, the results of this study demonstrate that cultivated wild ginseng extracts had similar antioxidant activities to wild ginseng extracts and greater that of cultivated ginseng extracts.
7 Title
Keywords pharmacopunctures of eight principles; hydrodistillation layer; Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Author(s) Kim, Hyub; Ahn, Byung-Soo
  Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the composition for pharmacopunctures of eight principles hydrodistillation layer. Methods: The study was determined the hydrodistillation layer for pharmacopunctures of eight principles by hydrodistillation method. The effective components in hydrodistillation layer for pharmacopunctures of eight principles were extracted with ethyl ether or dichloromethane, and then analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry(GC/MS). Results: 1. Analyzed pharmacopunctures of eight principles by GC/MS, a lot of differences according to extraction solvent by each pharmacopunctures of eight principles and specific peak patterns were seen. 2. The main compound in pharmacopunctures of eight principles was a kind of hexaoxacyclohydrocarbon that has long hydrocarbon chain.
8 Title
Keywords Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution; eye irritation test; eye drop
Author(s) Seo, Hyeong-Sik
  Abstract Objective: This study was done to investigate the safety of Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods: The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, the author observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results: 1. After Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions: I suggested that Fel Ursi pharmacopuncture solution didn't induced eye irritation in rabbits.
9 Title
Keywords Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution; eye irritation test; eye drop
Author(s) Seo, Hyeong-Sik
  Abstract Objective: This study was done to investigate the safety of Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods: The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, the author observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results: 1. After Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions: I suggested that Fel Ursi & Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution didn't induced eye irritation in rabbits.
10 Title
Keywords Fel Ursi; Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution; eye irritation test; eye drop
Author(s) Seo, Hyeong-Sik
  Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety of Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods: The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, the author observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results: 1. After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn t physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution was applied eyewash in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn't eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions: In this study, it was observed that Fel Ursi, Bovis Calculus & Moschus pharmacopuncture solution didn't induced eye irritation in rabbits.
11 Title
Keywords Thermography; thermal imaging; acupoints; thermal temperature
Author(s) Choi, Young-Chon; Lim, Chung-San; Kwon, Ki-Rok
  Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to invigorate the use of infrared thermal imaging apparatus as a diagnostic tool in Oriental medicine by providing standard temperature on specific acupoints. Methods: Subjects for the study was recruited through an advertisement in the school homepage(www.sangji.ac.kr) explaining the objectives and methods. 100 volunteers agreeing to terms were selected and measured the full body thermal image. Common acupoints used in the clinical surrounding were chosen and final 63 acupoints were selected for the measurement. Male/female and right/left readings were obtained for the analysis. Results: Following results were obtained from analyzing the body temperature of 50 male subjects and 50 female subjects 1. Subjects participating in the study ranged from 19 years of age to 44 years. Median male age at and female age at , respectively. 2. For all acupoints, no significant differences were witnessed between the gender and right, left side of the body. 3. 10 acupoints from the facial region(18 bilateral), 8 acupoints from the chest/abdomen region(10 bilateral), 6 acupoints from the back region(11 bilateral), 17 acupoints from the upper extremity(34 bilateral), and 22 acupoints from the lower extremity(44 bilateral) were chosen. 4. In the facial region, BL2 showed the highest temperature and GV26 showed the lowest. 5. In the chest/abdomen region, CV22 showed the highest temperature and CV6 showed the lowest. 6. In the back region, GV14 showed the highest temperature and BL23 showed the lowest. 7. In the upper extremity region, jianqian(extra point) showed the highest temperature and baxie(extra point) showed the lowest. 8. In the lower extremity region, KI1 and bafeng(extra point) shoed the highest temperature and BL40 showed the lowest. Conclusions: Based on the standard body temperature measured on specific acupoints throughout the body, we hope these findings can trigger further studies on applications of infrared thermal imaging and clinical usage in the field of oriental medicine.
12 Title
Keywords Dysmenorrhea; Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture; MMP; MSSL
Author(s) Kim, Su-Min; Jang, Sun-Hee; Kim, Cheol-Hong; Youn, Hyoun-Min; Song, Choon-Ho; Ahn, Chang-Beohm; Jang, Kyung-Jeon
  Abstract Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture treatment on Dysmenorrhea of Women. Methods: 49 subjects who were suffering from dysmenorrhea volunteered to answer the MMP(Measure of Menstrual Pain) and MSSL(Menstrual Symptom Severity List) questionnaire. They were divided into two groups, a Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture treatment group(Experiment al group, n=25) and a Normal Saline(N/S) treatment group(Control group, n=24). The two groups were injected on the and acupuncture point. They were treated totally five times depending on the individual menstruation cycles. The scores of MMP and MSSL were measured overall three times before and after the menstruation cycle. The collected data were analyzed as paired t-test, independent t-test using SPSS 12.0 WIN Program. Results: As a result of the evaluation by MMP and MSSL, a significant improvement on dysmenorrhea was made in the two groups(p<0.05), and both scores of Experiment group were decreased more than Control group. But there was no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: The Hominis placenta Pharmacopuncture treatment and the Normal Saline treatment were effective in decreasing the symptom of Dysmenorrhea.